Translation by me
It is said in some texts that ‘fascism’ is active pessimism; I think this statement is true but insufficient. In reality, the core of active pessimism is not ‘fascism’ but a whole cosmology of the human being that comes from the times when humanity began to be studied.
It’s curious, but if you study the world in general, including the attempts to fix it, you can find so many miseries, traitors, tragedies and stupidity that these words from Bernard Shaw immediately come to mind: “Revolutions have never lightened the burden of tyranny, they have only shifted it to another shoulder.”
Yes, there are very rare exceptional cases but very short in time. Normalcy brings misery and decadence back to humans.
But it is not fascism which discovers active pessimism; Homer, Odyssey, XVIII, wrote: “Nothing feebler does earth nurture than man, of all things that on earth are breathing and moving”, and still his heroes are active despite that certainty.
It’s almost like something inside us would make us be incoherent with reality, we know human nature can’t be changed, but we still fight against that which is inevitable.
I’ve been fighting for National Socialism since I was 15, and I’ve seen so many miseries inside this community that I would have a thousand reasons to stop fighting to “save the world”, because not only the “the world” doesn’t want to be saved through effort and toil, but if it were, it would be better to just emigrate to a deserted island if some of these “saviours” would become rulers.
Mota used to tell me that if ‘our guys’ would rule, it would be better to seek exile. Because now that the ‘enemies’ are in charge, we are so harmless that they let us be if we don’t bother them much. But if ‘our guys’ were in charge, their treasons, robberies, miseries and ambitions would make us protest and they would persecute us like the worst enemy.
If I were to denounce today the miseries of many of our so called comrades (remembering the famous text by Mota “Our traitors and swindlers” that he couldn’t finish) I would be attacked with more strength that if I were to denounce the miseries of the enemy, which in many occasions they just ignore if they are harmless to them.
I remember one day I was going to Zaragoza to participate in a demonstration, and as I was walking through the Pilar terrace I noticed a dozen families hanging around on a Saturday afternoon. I sat down and wondered: What would they say if I tell them that I came here to save them from the current materialistic and decadent system?. They would probably ask me to leave them alone, they would say that recquires effort and sacrifice, that they prefer to live under the boot than shake it off. Humanity just settles with “leaving themselves be” as Mota used to say.
Schopenhauer left us the message of reality: You can sometimes be happy if you forget the ones that are not. That’s human reality, egoism and the tendency of desire to make us ride towards a thousand volatile objectives, with the tomb as the final one.
It’s not about approving of all Schopenhauer’s philosophy, not all, but to analize the reality of humanity instead of just keeping utopic philosophies and good wishes.
The biggest disasters occur when we want to implement an anti-natural utopia to reality.
Revolutions are made to improve, they are our duty, but that doesn’t mean we reach the final goal, we are just fulfilling our Duty, not the final success. “There is nothing made by the hand of men that is not destroyed by time sooner or later” Marcus Tullius Cicero.
Therefore facism fights for an elevated duty knowing that in the end it is pointless, men will always go back to their natural miseries.
I’ve always thought that the terrible statement by Saint Teresa of Jesus should be taught in schools instead of all that gibberish about rights: “I have commited the worst of sins, I wanted to be happy.”
We want to be happy indeed, and for that we fall into a spiral of wickedness, desires, egoism and nonsense, among them being shocked when we are invaded by sickness, pain, failure, disappointment or just seeing misery around us.
Our goal is not to be happy, in the sense of living with absence of pain, diseases or suffering, an ivory tower where one lives in the usual egoism of “being ok”; if that is our destiny in the world, then humanity is not worth much, just a few years of “leaving oneself be” in a world flooded by misery.
It’s curious that even religions had to offer a Heaven, an enormous reward and terrible punishments to encourage good behavior on humans, with obvious failure in general. I’ve always thought that the good behavior of the ones who believe in Heaven is nothing more than a ‘trade’ in which you sell good behavior in exchange of something much more important in the future. Even in the Gospel it is promised “a hundred to one” in Heaven, some kind of usury of good acts.
Of course for a small minority it was indicated that love to God was enough for that good behavior, but for something general reward and punishment were necessary.
It shouldn’t be a surprise then, that all of it responds to the same reality: there is an honorable minority but the majority tends to be egoist by nature. When Schopenhauer or buddhism offer solutions to this egoism, they do it from a non-action standpoint, having compassion for humanity and suppressing desires, doing no harm, but without hopes of action or reaching a solution, because every action against pain or egoism turns out to be worthless, a utopia without a possible solution.
However most of the non-‘fascist’ political proposals insist in action, naming it ‘helping the other’ or hiding it behind an ‘ideal state’ to reach progressively. There isn’t pessimism on them but only ‘progressive’ action. Neither Marxism nor democracy nor progressism assume the futility of long term efforts, but propose a ‘Heaven on Earth’ thanks to that progress and earthly action.
They present technical advances as proof of that path towards utopia, even though those advances don’t have any effect on people’s kindness or behavior or the state of humanity; far from it, humanity degrades both in Natural environment and internal value.
In materialistic polities action is the only engine that feeds that unlimited progress until reaching the Communist earthly paradise or the Progressive “end of times”.
Christianity and other religions are not pessimistic in the way that they believe in the happy ending that God gives us, although He accepts the world as an imperfect and pitiful state due to our ‘sins’ (the idea of the original sin is a metaphor of that natural reality which turns humanity into something egotistic). And they always propose action as something necessary, a moral obligation. Even enclosed priests ‘work’ with their prayers for the salvation of the world, as guaranteed by God himself.
We see then that pessimism is not something “fascist” but something taken from observing reality, and which most thinkers have understood since the beginning of human thought.
Action itself is not something fascist but understood as the only way forward for the proposals that promise an utopic happy ending.
However, what we might call the essence of fascism is in reality the continuation, the actual expression of the proposal that joins pessimism with action. It’s the call to action without hoping for an end as a form of rebellion against the inevitable, against the certainty of an egoist humanity that will always need the struggle to calm its miseries without never reaching final results.
In fascism there isn’t a promise of an eternal ideal State, or a Heaven or a vision of a humanity free from their scourges, it’s just the fight by Duty against that unchangable reality, a desperate and worthless fight, but that is the only worthy attitude of an honorable and elevated man.
Massana used to say: “I only join lost causes when they are truly lost.” That’s the heroic attitude.
The fight for an ideal humanity is lost, and that’s why we sign up to fight without hopes in action. Sophocles in his “Ajax”, wrote: “For a day can press down all human things, and a day can raise them up.”, thus since Ancient Greece elevated men knew that everything we raise will one day fall, but that shouldn’t stop us from raising beautiful and noble things even if the time and environment that we could influence are minimum, and not for a promised reward, a heaven or an earthly paradise, but for our own dignity.
That’s what ‘fascism’ is, and before that it was the moral of the hero, the one who fights for internal duty without hopes or rewards.
In reality for the ‘fascist’ in this sense, his true hell is having to endure human misery, its pain and its vileness, its egoism and its treasons. As Voltaire once said: “Stupidity is an extraordinary disease, it is not the sick who suffers it, but the others.”
Thus we should take human egoism as the only enemy of our Honor and Duty, next to the company and help of Art and the example of heroes, whatever their ideologies, that have left a trail of worthy and honorable lives.
Jorge Mota and Juan Massana, deceased in 2016 and 2017 respectively, were members of the Spanish NS organization CEDADE.